Hope To The End
MILLENNIAL REIGN OF JESUS CHRIST
Rejoice, the Lord is KING
He's My King ! SM Lockridge
THE MILLENNIAL REIGN
OF JESUS CHRIST
"And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain (government) of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains (above all governments), and shall be exalted above the hills;
and all nations shall flow unto it.
And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more (Isaiah 2:2-4).
Is Armageddon the end of the world? No....not by 1,000 years!
God the Father has promised His dear and only Son Jesus that He would reign over the earth for 1,000 years, after vanquishing His enemies at the Battle of Armageddon. (a few short years from now) Please see hopetotheend.com/ch9p1.html
We learn this from PSALM TWO :"Yet have I set My King upon My holy hill of Zion ;
Ask of Me and I shall give Thee the heathen for Thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for Thy possession."
Jesus is Shiloh ... "He Whose Right it is", for Jesus was given the deed to planet earth in Rev. 5: 6--14, being the only One worthy,
by His blood.
Armageddon is the dividing point in History that brings in HIS Millennium of 1,000 years of His blessings.
These blessings are detailed for us in Daniel Chapter 9:24.....
1. "to finish the transgression" (concerning God's Covenant with His people)
2. "to make an end of sins" ( rapid consequence)
......Willful sin will still exist and will be dealt with swiftly.
3. "to make reconciliation for iniquity" (sacrifice re-instituted as a memorial only.)
4. "bring in everlasting righteousness" -- harmony of law and grace
5. "to seal up the vision and the prophecy"-- our faith will be
6. "And to ANOINT THE MOST HOLY" (Consecrate King Jesus of Nazareth as Supreme Ruler)
So we see then that TEOTWAWKI ("the end of the world as we know it") is actually a BEGINNING..."behold, I make all things new" Rev. 21:5
This event is called "The Second Coming of Jesus Christ" (Parousia). Jesus of Nazareth came the first time as a Babe in Bethlehem. The Second time He will come as King of kings. This overwhelming fact dominates the theme of most of our Christmas carols, wherein Christ's Nativity is overlaid with His ultimate Coronation.
The Antichrist feigns all of the above characteristics in an attempt to usurp the Messianic Scriptures, and he misapplies them to himself. That is the ultimate blasphemy.
"I am come in My Father's name, and ye receive Me not;
if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive". John 5:43
PRINCE OF PEACE --- SAR SHALOM
Yes, the Christmas Songs are full of the prophecies of Jesus Christ's 1,OOO year reign. In fact, Handel's Messiah---the Alleluia Chorus---is probably one of the greatest songs ever written commemorating this event.
Many of our Christmas cards proclaim:
"For unto us a child is born, unto us a Son is given: and the government shall be upon His shoulder: and His name shall be called "Wonderful Counsellor",
"The Mighty God", "The Everlasting Father", "The Prince of Peace". Isaiah 9:6.
Jesus will reign as the Prince of Peace over a universe of Peace from His throne in Jerusalem, Israel.
WE CAN'T CHANGE THE WORLD, BUT JESUS CAN CHANGE HEARTS ( attitudes )
Let's examine the Biblical references to Jesus' Millennial Reign, and see how changed our world will be, under His Righteous Reign. Whenever Christmas Carols apply, we will add them in.
Psalm 2.... "Yet have I set My King upon My holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto Me,'Thou art My Son
this day have I begotten Thee."
This Psalm is like "Joy to the World" the Lord is come!
Let earth receive her KING; the Savior reigns...
He rules the world with Truth and Grace;
and makes the nations prove The glories of His righteousness and wonders of His love."
These verses also declare the inaugural reign of Jesus Christ:
Psalm 110 "The LORD (Jehovah-Yahweh, God the Father) said unto My Lord (Adonai Jesus),
'Sit Thou at My right hand, until I make Thy enemies Thy footstool."
"Thy people shall be willing in the day of Thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: Thou hast the dew of Thy youth". Psalm 110:3
Obadiah 21 "and the kingdom shall be the LORD's."
Haggai 2:7 "the Desire of all nations shall come" (as in "Joyful all ye nations rise")
"God with man is now residing. Sages leave your contemplations.
Brighter visions beam afar. Seek the great Desire of Nations.
Come and worship, come and worship, come and worship, Christ the KING."
Angels from the Realms of Glory
Matthew 5:35 "Jerusalem --the city of THE GREAT KING
As in the song:
"This, this is Christ the KING...haste, haste to bring Him laud;
the KING of Kings Salvation brings. Let loving hearts enthrone Him" What Child is This ?
Matthew 19:28.....the 1,000 year reign of Christ is also called
"The Regeneration"..."when the Son of Man (Jesus) shall sit in the throne of His glory" Matthew 19:28.
"The King of Israel" The First Noel
Luke 1:32, 33 "He shall be great and shall be called 'the Son of the Highest':
and the Lord God shall give unto Him the throne of His father David:
and He shall reign over the house of Jacob forever;
and of His kingdom there shall be no end."
As in : "Peace on earth, good will to men, From heaven's all gracious KING;
"For lo! The days are hast'ning on,
By prophets seen of old,
When with the ever circling years,
Shall come the time foretold,
When the new heav'n and earth shall own
The Prince of peace their King,
And the whole world send back the song
Which now the angels sing. It Came Upon a Midnight Clear
Amos 9:13-15 --Jesus' reign will bring: Abundance, prosperity, stability, restoration and security.
KING OF KINGS
Daniel 2:35-44 "and the stone (Jesus) that smote the image (of world kingdoms) became a great mountain (government) and filled the whole earth." This refers to the 1,000 year global reign of Jesus Christ from Jerusalem, Israel
Go tell it on the Mountain
Dan 4:3 "How great are His signs! And how mighty are His wonders!
His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom,
and His dominion is from generation to generation."
Dan. 8: 25 "he (antichrist) shall also stand up against the Prince of princes (Jesus);
but he (antichrist) shall be broken without hand".
"These (antichristian rulers) shall make war with the Lamb,
and the Lamb shall overcome them:
for He is Lord of lords, and King of kings" Rev. 17:14
Micah 4:1-3 has identical words as does Isaiah 2: 2, 3 . The Lord's kingdom is a Supreme Global Government.
"For I am a Great King, saith the LORD of hosts,
and My name is dreadful among the heathen." Malachi 1:14
All Hail the Power of Jesus Name -- another version -- lyrics
ISRAEL'S ROYAL INHERITANCE
Isaiah 9-16....God regathers His people under an ensign. He causes the Nile Delta to dry up, thereby opening up a passageway from Egypt to Assyria.
Isaiah 61:3-11 God will reverse the times of sorrow upon Israel into great joy...
"to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called 'trees of righteousness' the planting of the LORD, that He might be glorified."
Come Thou Long Expected Jesus
and Come, O Come Emmanuel
Ezekiel Chapter 48: 31-35 "And the gates of the city shall be after the names of the tribes of Israel"..."and the name of the city from that day shall be,
"The LORD is there Jehovah-Shammah"
Once in Royal David's City
"Christ by highest heaven adored. Christ the Everlasting Lord.
Late in time behold Him come. Veiled in flesh the Godhead see.
Hail the Incarnate Deity. Pleased as man with men to dwell, Jesus our Emmanuel"
Hark the Herald Angels Sing
This is the TRUE global worship :voluntary. This is not the forced worship that antichrist requires for himself. Revelation 13
Micah 4:5 "For all people will walk everyone in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever."
Worship of Jesus will not be enforced. God always respects free will.
However, those nations lacking respect by not coming up to Jerusalem once a year will have drought .
Drought is the beginning of the end for a nation's economy and well being.
Commentary on Micah 4:5 http://bible.cc/micah/4-5.htm
Jesus merited the deed to planet earth by His shed blood Rev. 5:6-14. Jesus is Shiloh :"He Whose right it is ".Ezekiel 21:27
Psalm 22:27, 28 "All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD:
and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before Thee.
For the kingdom is the LORD's and He is the Governor among the nations."
As in : "And praises sing to God our KING, and peace to men on earth"
O Little Town of Bethlehem
Isaiah 60:1-18 Spiritual enlightenment during the Millennium:
"Arise, shine, for Thy Light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee."...
"surely the Isles shall wait for Me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because He hath glorified thee."...
Therefore Thy gates shall be open continuously; they shall not be shut day nor night; that men may bring unto Thee the forces of the Gentiles, and that their kings may be brought."
"For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish;
yea those nations shall be utterly wasted....
"and they shall call thee 'The City of the LORD', the Zion of the Holy One of Israel.'
...I will make thee (Zion-Jerusalem) an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations."
"Jesus to Thee be glory given. Word of the Father, now in flesh appearing.
O Come let us adore Him" O Come all ye Faithful
Isaiah 66:10-14; 23 "And it shall come to pass that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another (month by month and week by week at holy times) shall all flesh come to worship before Me, saith the LORD.
And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcasses of the men that have transgressed against Me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh."
Chapter 43- Millennial Temple: God's Shekinah glory returns
Haggai 2:7 "the desire of all nations shall come:
and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts."
Malachi 3:1 "and the Lord whom ye seek shall suddenly come to His temple,
even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in:
behold , He shall come, saith the LORD of hosts."
Blood Sacrifice reinstituted, as a memorial of Jesus' shed blood on Calvary
"And he said unto me, 'Son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; these are the ordinances of the altar in the day when they shall make it, to offer burnt offerings thereon,
and to sprinkle blood thereon". Ezekiel 43:18
"Without the sheding of blood, ther is no remission " of sins. Hebrews 9:22.
The Zadok Priesthood is established in Ezekiel 43:19; Ezekiel Chapter 44 :Ministers
"and they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and profane,
and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean. Ezekiel 44:23
Ezekiel 46 : Observance of Sabbaths and new moon.
"Thou shalt daily prepare a burnt offering unto the LORD
of a lamb of the first year without blemish: thou shalt prepare it every morning" v.13 Daily memorial of Calvary. A worshipping society.
Hosea 14:4-8 No more idolatry. Spiritual revival, returning to the Lord.
Joel 3:18 Fountain of grace from the house of the LORD
Zechariah 6 THE BRANCH (JESUS) shall build the Millennial Temple "
and He shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon His throne;
and He shall be a priest upon His throne:
and the counsel of peace shall be between them both"
Civil government will no longer be divorced from our spiritual lifestyle.
The two will work in harmony.
There will no longer be the friction of State outlawing worship.
How hungry we are for that even now, in 2013. Come quickly Lord Jesus!
"And the inhabitants of one city shall go to another, saying, 'Let us go speedily to pray before the LORD, and to seek the LORD of hosts; I will go also."
Ten gentiles will hold unto the prayer shawl of the Jew saying
"We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you".
Zechariah 14:9-21 "And the LORD shall be king over all the earth:
"King of all glory, we bow before Thee" (O Thou Joyful Day)
in that day shall there be one LORD, and His name one....
"and there shall no more be utter destruction; but Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited."
And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles.
This ties in with "We Three Kings of Orient Are" "bearing gifts we traverse afar; Gold I bring to crown Him again. King forever, ceasing never Over us all to reign"
Whatever talent God has given us, is our gift back to Him....
Little Drummer Boy
"And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain. Zechariah 14:17
"In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horse (no cars, freeways, mass transits?? yay!) HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; every pot in Jerusalem and Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts (kosher?)
Malachi 1:11 "For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same My name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto My name"
REIGN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS
OUR LAWGIVER AND HIGHEST JUDGE
And many people shall go and say,
'Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain (government) of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob (Jacob=Israel, meaning to be "governed by God");
and He will teach us of His ways, and we will walk in His paths:
for out of Zion shall go the law , and the Word of the LORD from Jerusalem. Micah 4:2
"And He shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks:
nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more."Isaiah 2:4
(This verse is repeated in Micah 4:1-3)
"O house of Jacob (Israel), come ye, and let us walk in the light of the LORD". Isaiah 2:5
Isaiah 9:6,7 "For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given: and the government shall be upon His shoulder: and His name shall be called 'Wonderful', 'Counsellor', 'The mighty God'. 'The everlasting Father', 'The Prince of Peace.'
Of the increase of His government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this."
Jeremiah 23: 5,6 "Behold, the days come, saith the LORD that I will raise unto David, a Righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days, Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is His name whereby He shall be called, "The LORD our RIGHTEOUSNESS" (Jehovah-Tzidkenu)
Ezekiel 45 Civil rule: "and My princes shall no more oppress My people....remove violence and spoil (the mob and bribery) and execute judgment and justice (fairness, honesty, integrity) take away your exactions from my people (unfair levies, fines, taxes, fees, bonds etc.), saith the Lord GOD. Just balances...no greed, fraud etc.
Sabbaths, feasts, new moons and all solemnities will be celebrated v.17, and Passover 21 and Tabernacles v.25
Revelation. 2:27 "And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as a vessel of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father."
Also repeated in Rev. 12:5 and Rev. 19:15 as well as Psalm 2:9
Rev. 15;4 "Who shall not fear Thee, O Lord, and glorify Thy name?
For Thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before Thee;
for Thy judgments are made manifest."
TAUGHT IN TRUTH
"They also that erred in spirit shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine."Isaiah 29:24
There will be learning from the Gentiles and kings.
(We're actually going to learn from History)
Metals will be replaced with those of higher value (spiritual meaning: Quality, excellence as our standards we live by, instead of just getting by, or 'surviving') Isaiah 60:17
Peace and Righteousness will reign. (Tranquility from not living in fear of war,
nor fear of each other's aggressiveness.)
"Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting, nor destruction within thy borders" (zero-tolerance of crime) Isaiah 60:18
(parts of Isaiah 60 press forward into the eternity beyond the Millennium, and are allied with Rev. 21:23 and Rev. 22:5.)
Zechariah 8:3 "Jerusalem shall be called "a city of TRUTH" and the government "holy". No segregated housing...young and old together (Hopefully no more institutional "homes"; we'll all take care of our own.)
"I will be their God in truth and righteousness. Abundance of harvest Zechariah 8:12.
"These are the things that ye shall do: Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbor; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates. Zechariah 8:16
And let none of you imagine evil in your hearts against his neighbor;
and love no false oath: for all these things are things that I hate,
saith the LORD."...."therefore love the TRUTH and peace"Zech. 8: 17-19
"The wrong shall fail, the right prevail, with peace on earth, good will to men"
I Heard the Bells on Christmas Day
GODLY KNOWLEDGE IN ABUNDANCE
"for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea."
(Isaiah 11:9 ) See also Isaiah 12 for Global praise of Salvation in that day.
RESTORATION and HEALING
Isaiah 29:17-24 Lebanon restored with orchards. "And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the Book, and the eyes of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness.
Our God Reigns www.elijah.org/liftuphands/contents.htm (sign language)
The meek also shall increase their joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.
For the terrible one is brought to nought, and the scorner is consumed, and all that watch for iniquity are cut off ."
Jeremiah 33:6-9 "Behold, I will bring it (Judah) health and cure, and I will cure them, and will reveal unto them the abundance of peace and truth....God restores His people with full reconciliation..
"And it (Israel) shall be to Me a name of joy, a praise and an honor before all the nations of the earth, which shall hear all the good that I do unto them: and they shall fear and tremble for all the goodness and for all the prosperity that I procure unto it."
Malachi 4:2 "But unto you that fear My name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in His wings."
Isaiah 65:17-25 all things made new ; and "There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days; for the child shall die 100 years old;
(our ratio of lifespan will be increased ten fold...what we consider 100 today, will be like "10" then etc.
A 1,000 year old person will be like our "100 year old.
"but the sinner being 100 years old shall be accursed." Isaiah 65:20
There still will be sin (rebellion) during the millennium. [See Rev. 20: 7-9] We always have our free will and free choice. God never takes away our own individual personhood. For those who disobey and prefer self-government, rather than being governed by God, there will be consequences. These consequences will be more swift and direct than when people lived during the 2,000 + years of grace, during the Church Age. This is due to the fact of Ecclesiastes 8:11 "Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil."
BENEFITS TO THE CITIZENS
Micah 4:4 private property (capitalism); individual housing for all
(no communal housing, apartments etc.) Security. No crime.
Zechariah Chapter 4:6 Civil government led by the Spirit and worship. Menorah;
two olive trees of golden oil. Zerubabel the governor and all civic government must rule "not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit"
Zechariah Chapter 7:9 Guidelines for millennial justice: "execute true judgment, and show mercy and compassions every man to his brother. And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart."
NO SORCERY, ASTROLOGY OR THE OCCULT,
Micah 5:10-15 No more war; No mega-businesses or corporations "I will cut off thy cities" No more horoscopes, zodiacs, psychics, astrology or sorcery.
and I will cut off witchcrafts out of thine hand; and thou shalt have no more soothsayers.
No more idolatry: "Thy graven images also I will cut off, and thy standing images
out of the midst of thee; and thou shalt no more worship the work of thine hands."
Malachi 3:5 "And I will come near to you to judgement; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not Me, saith the LORD of hosts."
No more Satanic seduction
Rev. 20:2 Satan bound for 1,000 year. The only temptations will come from ourselves James 1:14,15.
NO MORE PROPHESYING OR PROPHETS During the Millennial REIGN of JESUS CHRIST upon the EARTH
Zechariah 13: 1-5
"and also I will cause the prophets and the unclean spirit to pass out of the land.
And it shall come to pass, that when any shall yet prophesy,
then his father and his mother that begat him shall say unto him,
Thou shalt not live....
and it shall come to pass in that day that the prophets shall be ashamed every one of his vision."
Daniel 9: "to seal up the vision and the prophecy".
All prophecy, prophets and prophesying ends when Jesus returns to earth for His 1,000 year reign. There will be no need for that office, for Our Lord Himself will be here in Jerusalem, Israel governing over the affairs of men. "
1 Corinthians 13:8...Prophecy ends at the end of the Church Age....
"but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail;
whether there be tongues, they shall cease"
BENIGN ANIMAL KINGDOM
Isaiah 11:6-9 "The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
And the suckling child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice's den.
They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain (government):
HYMN "Jesus our brother, kind and good" and Friendly Beasts (words only)
AS FOR NOW ( 2013)
What is next on the horizon? First there will come a deceiver who will attempt to
imitate the second coming of our Lord. "Let no man deceive you" Matthew 24.
He will amass global power and demand to be worshipped. Anyone not receiving his 666
mark of the beast will be put to death. ( the first and second beasts of Rev. 13 )
But his occultic powers and demon-worshipping kingdom will last for only 42 months....
a pittance of time. The antichrist and the false prophet will be slain at Megiddo, Israel by Our Lord Jesus Christ Himself at His literal return to earth from His heavenly throne.
The antichrist and the false prophet will be in the lake of fire for all eternity. Rev. 19:20.
Flush from the victory at Armageddon, Our Lord will arrive at the Mt. of Olives, splitting it in two. From there he will enter through the Golden Gate to sit upon the throne of David
for 1,000 years. He will rule all the world, and we shall go up once a year at the feast of Tabernacles to worship our true King of kings, Lord of lords and God of gods. Amen. Alleluia!!
Rev. 11:15 "The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of His Christ (His anointed-appointed), and He shall reign forever and ever."
"We give Thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because Thou hast taken to thee Thy great power, and hast reigned."
Truth and Integrity will be the hallmarks of His reign. Equity, fairness and justice shall be for all the citizenry. Crime will be non-existent, due to professing righteousness and quick punishment. Private property and prosperity will bless the people. It will be a time like no other time on earth.
All of us right now are living in the final generation of this Age. Some of us will be raptured.
Some of us will remain. Some of us will die. Some of us will live to see the physical return of Jesus and enter into His earthly kingdom. Matthew 25.
Some reading this page will be separated from Jesus Christ for all eternity. Hopefully most people reading these pages will abide forever with our Lord throughout all the Ages to come.
Even so, come quickly, Lord Jesus!
Theology of Christmas Carols
www.comeandsee.org/WITNESSES2/Vchap20.txt and www.icnc.org/scratchpad/a18.htm
Millennial Reign http://www.trackingbibleprophecy.org/heaven_millennium.php
POEM : God's Grandeur by Gerald Manley Hopkins http://plagiarist.com/poetry/6111/
BIBLE : Bring Back King Jesus ....2 Chronicles 19:12
Soon and very soon, we are going to see the KING ! http://www.fhu.edu/sga/chapelsongs.asp
More Songs of Praise:
New Zealand: http://homepages.ihug.co.nz/~macknife/hymns.htm
especially see the section called "The King".....many songs
Glory, laud and honor: http://www.cyberhymnal.org/htm/a/g/aglahonr.htm
Tikkun Olam - Gary Fitleberg
Thank G-d for the Torah. Also the concept of Tzedekah and Tikkun Olam.
Tzedekah is from the same root of the Hebrew root as the work Tzaddik which means righteous one or Tzedek meaning justice. The literal translation means charity. The Torah commands each and every Jew to pursue justice by giving charity and being righteous.
Tikkun Olam is the healing and repair of the world. Especially one broken or in disrepair because of natural or political disasters.
designed by Bill Lane